- Mosses are normally found in cool, shady moist conditions.
- Little soil is required by the moss for nutrient extraction.
- Turf with poor density is susceptible to moss infestation.
- Causes of poor density could be under fertilization, over-watering, scalping from mowing and shady conditions.
- Moss damages turf in terms of performance, aesthetics, and competition, creating vulnerability to wear and allow conditions for weed invasion.
- The first strategy should be to create an environment, which is not naturally suitable for the growth of moss.
- Increase airflow and light.
- Increase water movement and infiltration, adjust irrigation practices to allow surface to dry out.
- Using wetting agents with a good penetrant activity will help to remove surface moisture.
- Raise mowing height where possible to allow turf to out compete moss.
- Ensure turf is healthy via good nutritional programme so that is has a competitive advantage over the moss.
- Use fertilizers containing ferrous sulphate will act directly upon the moss.
- Control thatch in a programmed approach.
- Once environmental conditions have been adjusted then use an approved Plant Protection Product.
- Physically remove dead moss through scarifying.